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Following is a list of resources related to Policy. Resources are organized by priority, with those of most interest to most people toward the top. To search for particular Resources in this Basket, click here, select the search terms you are interested in, and then click the Apply button.

Optimizing Learning and Education in Africa – the Language Factor: A Stock-taking Research on Mother Tongue and Bilingual Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

This must-read report presents a comprehensive overview of mother tongue and multilingual education issues in sub-Saharan Africa, including issues related to policy, program design and cost.

Seen but Not Heard: Addressing Inequalities Surrounding Ethnolinguistic Identity

Abstract: Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is advancing unequally. Some goals will almost certainly be missed and progress towards others is slow (United Nations, 2012). This paper highlights the particular inequalities facing minority ethnolinguistic communities and the impact these inequalities have on progress towards all the MDGs.

Mother tongue as bridge language of instruction: policies and experiences in Southeast Asia

This publication presents a compendium of language policies, case studies, and general recommendations for mother tongue-based education in Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) member countries. It provides insights that may further strengthen each country’s policies concerning language of instruction as a way to achieve education for all.

Ending the Hidden Exclusion: Learning & Equity in Education Post-2015

In this report, Save the Children assesses 5 trends in social, economic, demographic, and political change around the globe. Based on this analysis, and on the guiding principles of learning and equity, they propose a new goal for the post-2015 education framework:

Language Issues in Comparative Education: Inclusive Teaching and Learning in Non-Dominant Languages and Cultures

This resource features two articles from an edited volume entitled Language Issues in Comparative Education: Inclusive Teaching and Learning in Non-Dominant Languages and Culture.

Promoting Literacy in Multilingual Settings

This comprehensive guide (geared towards Asia but with information applicable to other regions) examines the following topics: • Education in Ethnic Minority Communities: Questions to Consider and Problems to Solve • Multilingual Education Practice in Eight Asian Countries • Developing Low Cost and Effective Materials for Multilingual Education Programmes • Training Effective Community Teachers for Multilingual Education Programmes • Teaching Methods for Effective Multilingual Education Programmes This comprehensive guide (geared towards Asia but with information ap

The Early Grade Reading Assessment: Applications and Interventions to Improve Basic Literacy

This book takes stock of the substantial amount of information and experience that has been generated around EGRA–the Early Grade Reading Assessment tool. 

The book has several purposes:

  1.  It seeks to elucidate particular aspects of the EGRA approach, to describe and explain how teachers, communities, development practitioners, and policy makers have applied and adjusted different elements and approaches to conducting early reading assessments. Then, drawing from these descriptions, the authors point to challenges and advantages of these adaptations. 
  2. This book also analyzes why the EGRA approach has been effective (or not) in specific contexts.

Creating and Sustaining Literate Environments

"UNESCO has developed this resource pack on Creating and Sustaining Literate Environments as a way of addressing the high illiteracy rate that continues to plague the world especially in developing countries. Believing that creating sustainable literate environments and societies that develop human resources and empower communities is essential for achieving the goals of eradicating poverty, reducing child mortality, curbing population growth, achieving gender equality and ensuring sustainable development, peace and democracy.

Improving the quality of mother tongue-based literacy and learning: case studies from Asia, Africa and South America

This resource document provides a summary of mother tongue-based education programs in Africa, Asia and South America. Countries included are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and Bolivia. The document further addresses common questions about mother tongue-based education, materials, instructional methods and orthography issues.

In Their Own Language…Education for All

This brief document presents key advantages of MTB-MLE, with statistics supporting the arguments presented. The document is a useful overview that for those who need to "make the case" for MTB-MLE.

The use of first and second languages in education: A review of international experience

This paper summarizes the literature on the use of fist and second languages in education. The first part presents findings from basic research related to commonly held assumptions about children and language learning including: age of learning, ease of learning, and time spent learning. The second part looks at findings from programs in Haiti, Nigeria, the Philippines, Guatemala, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States.

Multilingual education

This resource guide addresses the rationale for MLE via the following points.

  • The voices of ethnolinguistic minority communities are often not heard. Therefore, advocacy is appropriate for these communities to meet their MLE needs.
  • Conventional instructional methods are not adequate for MLE programs. Educators at both community and national levels need to develop their capacity to design and implement MLE programs.
  • MLE gives children and adults a firm foundation for continuing to learn throughout their lives.

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