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Following is a list of resources related to Language Education. Resources are organized by priority, with those of most interest to most people toward the top.

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"Strong Foundations" and "Good Bridges" in Language Education: What Can We Learn from Current Theories and Practices?

A short paper presented at the National Symposium on Language Issues and Quality Education for Ethnic Minority People, Hanoi, Vietnam, December 3-4, 2008.  

The paper presents a brief overview of current theory and practice on the topic of bridging between languages in multilingual education.

Using an Additional Language as the Medium of Instruction: Transition in Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education

We'd like to thank Agatha van Ginkel for her excellent presentation to the network on "Using an Additional Language as the Medium of Instruction: Transition in Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education." The webinar, hosted by the MTB-MLE Network on January 27, 2014, was attended by nearly 50 network members and colleagues and was highly interactive and participatory. 

Building Fluency in Oral L1

This brief (2 page) paper provides practical guidance for building L1 fluency in MTB-MLE classrooms.  After giving a short rationale for why we need to focus on building L1 fluency, Dr. Malone gives specific examples of activities for classroom teachers.

The Early Grade Reading Assessment: Applications and Interventions to Improve Basic Literacy

This book takes stock of the substantial amount of information and experience that has been generated around EGRA–the Early Grade Reading Assessment tool. 

The book has several purposes:

  1.  It seeks to elucidate particular aspects of the EGRA approach, to describe and explain how teachers, communities, development practitioners, and policy makers have applied and adjusted different elements and approaches to conducting early reading assessments. Then, drawing from these descriptions, the authors point to challenges and advantages of these adaptations. 
  2. This book also analyzes why the EGRA approach has been effective (or not) in specific contexts.

Creating and Sustaining Literate Environments

"UNESCO has developed this resource pack on Creating and Sustaining Literate Environments as a way of addressing the high illiteracy rate that continues to plague the world especially in developing countries. Believing that creating sustainable literate environments and societies that develop human resources and empower communities is essential for achieving the goals of eradicating poverty, reducing child mortality, curbing population growth, achieving gender equality and ensuring sustainable development, peace and democracy.

Multilingual Education in Africa: Lessons from the Juba Language-in-Education Conference

The following is an excerpt from the book's introduction (p.5): 

Introduction to Issues and Implications for Children Learning to Read in Multilingual Settings

This report, commissioned through the Education Resource Facility - an initiative funded by AusAID, provides a review of the literature on the most current research and practices surrounding learning to read in a second langauge (L2) and learning through the medium of an L2.

Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education: Towards a Research Agenda

On September 13, 2013 the MTB-MLE Network hosted a kick-off event for the development of a research agenda on issues related to MTB-MLE. The powerpoint slides and attached summary are resources that Dr. Jessica Ball from the University of Victoria, Canada presented at this kick-off event. 

Improving the quality of mother tongue-based literacy and learning: case studies from Asia, Africa and South America

This resource document provides a summary of mother tongue-based education programs in Africa, Asia and South America. Countries included are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and Bolivia. The document further addresses common questions about mother tongue-based education, materials, instructional methods and orthography issues.

Research Implications of Crosslinguistic Transfer in Bilingual/biliteracy Development

On September 13, 2013 the MTB-MLE Network hosted a kick-off event for the development of a research agenda on issues related to MTB-MLE. At this event, Dr. Sylvia Linan-Thompson from the University of Texas at Austin gave a presentation on Research Implications of Crosslinguistics Transfer in Bilingual/Biliteracy Development. 

Language Education Outcomes to Indicators to Activities to Resources

This curriculum planning chart for MTB-MLE language education maps learning outcomes to indicators of student progress.  It then offers examples of learning activities which will help achieve those learning outcomes.  Finally, it lists classroom materials (resources) that are needed to teach the learning activities.

Early Grade MTB-MLE Outcomes and Indicators

A chart of early grade MTB-MLE Learning Outcomes with related Indicators of Progress of student learning. These can be mapped to official government learning competencies.

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