Resources to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of MTB-MLE programs
As with all education programs, MTB-MLE programs need to monitor and evaluate whether they are effective in achieving their predefined goals. Good monitoring, evaluation and assessment are key to ensuring that a program is serving children well, will identify if changes need to be made to the program, and will help support expansion of the MTB-MLE program or replication in other areas. Assessment can take many forms. First, a program needs to set curricular standards for how proficient children are expected to be in key skills such as reading and producing spoken and written language in their mother tongue, as well as in a second (or third) language. Such criteria will help teachers to determine whether students have achieved key learning benchmarks and can advance to the next stage of the curriculum or be promoted to the following grade. It will also help to identify whether changes are needed to the curriculum, teacher training and materials. An MTB-MLE program (especially in its first years) should also seek to formally evaluate its effectiveness in relation to that of traditional or other education programs in the area, such as mono-lingual education systems. One way to do this is to compare the learning outcomes of students in a particular MTB-MLE program (such as reading fluency in a mother tongue and a second language) against those of students in traditional or mono-lingual education programs. The two groups' learning outcomes (i.e., their ability to read) are then compared to identify whether their are any differences. Such an evaluation is called an "impact evaluation" if the two groups of children are very similar, except for the type of education program they attend, and their performance is compared at the start of the program and at the end. Impact evaluations can be extremely useful in providing evidence regarding the effectiveness of an MTB-MLE program, which will help influence whether the program is allowed to continue. A well-conducted evaluation will help to gain additional support with the community and education officials. Moreover, an impact evaluation can be used to support the development of MTB-MLE progams in other communities, as the data can be used for advocacy purposes. This Resource Basket contains information regarding the effectiveness of MTB-MLE programs, including quantitative and qualitative program evaluation. Additionally, it contains guidance on how to design and conduct a an evaluation of a programs and individual components , such as the effectiveness of teacher training or materials.