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Following is a list of resources related to Curriculum and Instruction. Resources are organized by priority, with those of most interest to most people toward the top.

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Optimizing Learning and Education in Africa – the Language Factor: A Stock-taking Research on Mother Tongue and Bilingual Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

This must-read report presents a comprehensive overview of mother tongue and multilingual education issues in sub-Saharan Africa, including issues related to policy, program design and cost.

Kom Experimental Mother Tongue Education Pilot Project

2012 marks the 5th year of a longitudinal pilot project in the Kom language community located in the Boyo Division of the North West Region, Cameroon, involving the implementation of a mother tongue-based curriculum in 12 experimental schools.The project is being carried out by SIL International and led by Dr. Stephen Walter, who currently serves as the Chair of the Department of Language Development for the Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics (GIAL).

Factors to Consider in Developing, Assessing and Revising Curriculum and Teaching-Learning Materials for MTB MLE Programs

This short paper presents basic principles of MTB-MLE curriculum development.  It addresses questions of priorities and goals, particularly in relation to government education goals; questions of learning, reading acquisition and language acquisition theories, and outlines basic principles for curriculum development.

Developing Teaching and Learning Materials for MTB-MLE

This 7-page document helps guide MTB-MLE practitioners in developing teaching and learning materials.  

Early Grade MTB-MLE Outcomes and Indicators

A chart of early grade MTB-MLE Learning Outcomes with related Indicators of Progress of student learning. These can be mapped to official government learning competencies.

Promoting Literacy in Multilingual Settings

This comprehensive guide (geared towards Asia but with information applicable to other regions) examines the following topics: • Education in Ethnic Minority Communities: Questions to Consider and Problems to Solve • Multilingual Education Practice in Eight Asian Countries • Developing Low Cost and Effective Materials for Multilingual Education Programmes • Training Effective Community Teachers for Multilingual Education Programmes • Teaching Methods for Effective Multilingual Education Programmes This comprehensive guide (geared towards Asia but with information ap

Creating and Sustaining Literate Environments

"UNESCO has developed this resource pack on Creating and Sustaining Literate Environments as a way of addressing the high illiteracy rate that continues to plague the world especially in developing countries. Believing that creating sustainable literate environments and societies that develop human resources and empower communities is essential for achieving the goals of eradicating poverty, reducing child mortality, curbing population growth, achieving gender equality and ensuring sustainable development, peace and democracy.

Activities for early grades of Mother Tongue (L1)-Based Multilingual Education Programs

This ongoing work is a collection of activities for early grade classrooms in a MTB-MLE program.  Activities are organized according to topic and activity title and include specific teaching instructions.

Improving the quality of mother tongue-based literacy and learning: case studies from Asia, Africa and South America

This resource document provides a summary of mother tongue-based education programs in Africa, Asia and South America. Countries included are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and Bolivia. The document further addresses common questions about mother tongue-based education, materials, instructional methods and orthography issues.

Language Education Outcomes to Indicators to Activities to Resources

This curriculum planning chart for MTB-MLE language education maps learning outcomes to indicators of student progress.  It then offers examples of learning activities which will help achieve those learning outcomes.  Finally, it lists classroom materials (resources) that are needed to teach the learning activities.

Planning mother tongue-based education programs in minority language communities

An essential resource manual for anyone engaged in planning and implementing mother tongue-based education programs in a minority language context.

Language of Instruction and Quality of Learning in Tanzania and Ghana: The impact of language of instruction, teacher training and textbooks on quality of learning in Africa

This brief presents research conducted in Tanzania and Ghana, comparing classroom processes in lessons taught in English and in African languages. The results show how the language used influences teaching strategies, but also the potential of teacher professional development to address this. In Tanzania, and to a lesser extent in Ghana, teachers used a wider range of teaching and learner involvement strategies when they taught lessons in African languages than in English.

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